Language: ENG

Currency: EUR


Language: ENG

Currency: EUR



What are Periodontics?

Periodontics is a part of dentistry that specializes in treating gum and other related structures of teeth. Gum disease is the most common condition treated by periodontists. Bacterial infection and inflammation in the gums and surrounding tissue cause gum disease.

If left untreated, it can lead to bone loss around teeth, gum recession, and eventually tooth loss.

Periodontists are experts in various procedures to manage and treat periodontal disease, including scaling and root planing to remove tartar and plaque from below the gumline, gum grafting to cover exposed tooth roots, periodontal surgery to reshape damaged bone and gum tissue, and dental implant placement to support replacement teeth.

Periodontists work alongside general dentists to provide comprehensive oral care for people with complex periodontal issues. To prevent periodontal disease, it is essential to maintain good oral hygiene and attend regular dental check-ups.

Understanding Gum Diseases

Gum disease is an infection of the gum tissues that support and surround teeth that progresses in stages from gingivitis to periodontitis. Gingivitis is caused by plaque buildup around the gumline, which can be reversed with proper oral hygiene and professional dental cleanings.

If left untreated, gingivitis can advance to periodontitis, which can lead to tooth loss. Several factors can contribute to the development of gum disease, including poor oral hygiene, tobacco use, genetics, certain medications, health conditions, and poor nutrition.

Prevention and treatment involve good oral hygiene practices, regular dental check-ups, professional cleanings, scaling and root planing, medications, and in severe cases, surgery.

Diagnosis and Treatment in Periodontics

Periodontics is a type of dentistry that focuses on preventing, diagnosing, and treating diseases that affect the gums and supporting structures of teeth. The most common conditions addressed in periodontics are gingivitis and periodontitis. If left untreated, these conditions can cause gum inflammation, gum recession, and tooth loss.

To diagnose periodontal diseases, dentists perform a clinical examination to look for signs of inflammation, bleeding, recession, and pocket formation around teeth. They also use X-rays to see the extent of bone loss and any hidden issues that may not be visible during a clinical examination. A periodontal probing is used to measure pocket depths around teeth, which helps determine the severity of gum disease. Sometimes, additional tests like microbial analysis or genetic tests might be used for a more comprehensive diagnosis.

It's important to understand that periodontal disease management requires a personalized approach based on the severity of the condition, patient's overall health, and individual factors. It's essential for individuals diagnosed with periodontal disease to follow their dentist's recommendations and attend regular dental check-ups to maintain optimal oral health.

Supporting Structures of Teeth

Teeth are complex structures made up of different parts that work together to allow us to chew, bite, and speak. These parts include:

  • Enamel
  • Dentin
  • Pulp
  • Cementum
  • Periodontal Ligament
  • Alveolar Bone

Maintaining these structures' health is essential to ensure proper tooth function and alignment. You can achieve this by practicing good oral hygiene, visiting your dentist regularly, and maintaining a balanced diet.